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Introduction Of Conducting A Trademark IP India Public Search:

Conducting a trademark search in India is an essential step for individuals and businesses looking to register a trademark or assess the availability of a specific trademark. The Intellectual Property India (IP India) office, under the Ministry of Commerce and Industry, is responsible for trademark registrations in India. A public search on the IP India website allows you to access information about existing trademarks in India’s registry.

Defination of trademark

A trademark is a distinctive symbol, sign, word, phrase, logo, or a combination of these elements that is used to identify and distinguish the goods or services of one entity from those of others. Trademarks play a crucial role in branding and are legally protected intellectual property assets. They serve as a means of establishing and protecting the identity and reputation of a product, service, or business.

5 checklist you need to know before apply trademark

Before applying for a trademark, it’s essential to be well-prepared and conduct a thorough evaluation to ensure a smooth and successful application process. Here’s a checklist of key factors to consider before applying for a trademark:

  1. Trademark Availability Search:

    • Conduct a thorough trademark search to ensure that your proposed trademark is unique and not already registered by another entity. Check for both identical and similar trademarks that may lead to confusion. This is a critical step to avoid potential conflicts and rejections during the application process.
  2. Trademark Distinctiveness:

    • Ensure that your proposed trademark is distinctive and not generic or descriptive. Distinctive trademarks are more likely to receive approval. Avoid using terms that are common or widely used in your industry.
  3. Trademark Classes and Goods/Services Description:

    • Determine the appropriate class or classes for your goods or services and provide an accurate description of what you intend to offer under the trademark. Selecting the correct class is essential for your application’s success.
  4. Consultation with a Trademark Attorney:

    • Consider consulting with a trademark attorney or agent for professional guidance. They can help you navigate the application process, provide expert advice, and assist with conducting a comprehensive search to assess the registrability of your proposed trademark.
  5. Documentation Review and Accuracy:

    • Ensure that all information and documents, including ownership and applicant details, are complete, accurate, and up-to-date. This attention to detail is crucial to avoid delays, rejections, or potential legal challenges during the trademark registration process.

Documents and Information Required for a Trademark Search in India:

  1. Proposed Trademark Details:

    • The first and most crucial piece of information you need is the proposed trademark itself. This includes the wordmark, logo, or any other distinctive sign you intend to use as your trademark. Make sure you have a clear and accurate representation of your proposed mark.
  2. Trademark Classes:

    • Trademarks in India are categorized into different classes based on the type of goods or services they represent. You should know which class or classes your business or product falls under. You can refer to the Nice Classification system to determine the relevant class.
  3. Owner/Applicant Information:

    • You’ll need to provide your personal or company information, including the name and address of the owner or applicant for the trademark. Make sure the details are accurate and up-to-date.
  4. Power of Attorney (if applicable):

    • In some cases, if you’re not applying for the trademark in your own name but through a representative, a power of attorney may be required. This document authorizes your representative to act on your behalf in the trademark registration process.

process of trademark step by step guide

Step 1. Trademark Search:

  • Preliminary Search: Start with a preliminary online search to check for identical or closely similar trademarks in the official trademark database. This will give you an initial idea of whether your proposed mark is likely to face conflicts.
  • Professional Search: Consider conducting a more thorough search with the help of a trademark attorney or search firm. They can perform comprehensive searches, looking for variations, synonyms, and potential conflicts that may not be immediately apparent. It’s crucial to assess both registered and unregistered trademarks.

Step 2. Application Preparation:

  • Determine the Scope: Define the scope of your trademark registration. Specify the goods and services you intend to use the trademark for, and select the appropriate classes according to the Nice Classification system.
  • Trademark Format: Choose the format of your trademark, whether it’s a wordmark (text), logo, symbol, or a combination of elements. Prepare a clear and accurate representation of your mark.

Step 3. Application Filing:

  • Choose the Jurisdiction: Determine the jurisdiction or country where you want to register your trademark. File your application with the appropriate government authority responsible for trademark registrations in that jurisdiction.
  • Submission Method: File your application online or through traditional paper-based methods, depending on the procedures and options provided by the specific trademark office.
  • Application Fees: Pay the requisite application fees. Be aware of the fee structure and ensure you have the necessary funds to cover the expenses.

Step 4. Government Processing:

  • Application Review: The government trademark office will review your application to ensure it complies with all legal requirements. This review includes assessing distinctiveness, accuracy of information, and compliance with trademark laws.
  • Office Actions: In some cases, the government may issue office actions or requests for additional information or clarifications. You’ll need to respond to these promptly and make any necessary amendments to your application.
  • Publication: After a successful review, the trademark may be published in an official gazette or publication, allowing others to oppose it within a specified period.

Step 5. Visit to official website:


Offline process

1. Trademark Search:

The trademark search is the initial step in the offline registration process. It involves conducting a thorough search to determine whether your proposed trademark is unique and not already registered or in use by another entity. In the offline process, you may use resources like physical trademark journals, official records, and databases.

2. Trademark Application Filing: 

Once you’ve confirmed the availability of your trademark, you can proceed to prepare the trademark application. This involves filling out the necessary paperwork, including the application form, and providing detailed information about the mark, the goods or services it will cover, and the applicant’s details.

3. Trademark Examination: 

After submitting your application, the trademark office conducts an examination to ensure that it complies with legal requirements. This review includes assessing the distinctiveness of your mark, its accuracy, and whether it adheres to trademark laws.

4. Trademark Publication: 

If your application successfully passes the examination, it proceeds to the publication phase. During this stage, your trademark details are published in an official gazette or journal. This publication serves to notify the public about your trademark and allows interested parties to file oppositions if they believe your mark conflicts with their existing rights.

5. Trademark Opposition and Hearing: 

During the publication phase, third parties have the opportunity to oppose your trademark if they believe it conflicts with their existing rights. Opposition proceedings may involve negotiations and legal procedures to resolve disputes. If no oppositions are filed, or if they are resolved in your favor, your trademark proceeds to the final stage.

6. Trademark Registration: 

Upon successful completion of the examination and publication phases, your trademark is registered. You receive a registration certificate, granting you exclusive rights within the specified class(es) and jurisdiction. With registration, your trademark is legally protected, and you can take action against any potential infringement.


Classes of trademark

Class 1. Chemical used in industry, science, photography, agriculture, horticulture and forestry;
unprocessed artificial resins, unprocessed plastics; manures; fire extinguishing
compositions; tempering and soldering preparations; chemical substances for preserving
foodstuffs; tanning substances; adhesive used in industry

Class 2. Paints, varnishes, lacquers; preservatives against rust and against deterioration of wood;
colorants; mordents; raw natural resins; metals in foil and powder form for painters;
decorators; printers and artists

Class 3. Bleaching preparations and other substances for laundry use; cleaning; polishing;
scouring and abrasive preparations; soaps; perfumery, essential oils, cosmetics, hair
lotions, dentifrices

Class 4. Industrial oils and greases; lubricants; dust absorbing, wetting and binding compositions;
fuels(including motor spirit) and illuminants; candles, wicks

Class 5. Pharmaceutical, veterinary and sanitary preparations; dietetic substances adapted for
medical use, food for babies; plasters, materials for dressings; materials for stopping
teeth, dental wax; disinfectants; preparation for destroying vermin; fungicides, herbicides

Class 6. Common metals and their alloys; metal building materials;
transportable buildings of metal; materials of metal for railway tracks; non-electric cables
and wires of common metal; ironmongery, small items of metal hardware; pipes and
tubes of metal; safes; goods of common metal not included in other classes; ores

Class 7. Machines and machine tools; motors and engines (except for land vehicles); machine
coupling and transmission components (except for land vehicles); agricultural
implements other than hand-operated; incubators for eggs

Class 8. Hand tools and implements (hand-operated); cutlery; side arms; razors

Class 9. Scientific, nautical, surveying, electric, photographic, cinematographic, optical,
weighing, measuring, signalling, checking (supervision), life saving and teaching
apparatus and instruments; apparatus for recording, transmission or reproduction of
sound or images; magnetic data carriers, recording discs; automatic vending machines
and mechanisms for coin-operated apparatus; cash registers, calculating machines, data
processing equipment and computers; fire extinguishing apparatus

Class 10. Surgical, medical, dental and veterinary apparatus and instruments, artificial limbs, eyes
and teeth; orthopaedic articles; suture materials

Class 11. Apparatus for lighting, heating, steam generating, cooking, refrigerating, drying
ventilating, water supply and sanitary purposes

Class 12. Vehicles; apparatus for locomotion by land, air or water

Class 13. Firearms; ammunition and projectiles; explosives; fire works

Class 14. Precious metals and their alloys and goods in precious metals or coated therewith, not
included in other classes; jewellery, precious stones; horological and other chronometric

Class 15. Musical instruments

Class 16. Paper, cardboard and goods made from these materials, not included in other classes;
printed matter; bookbinding material; photographs; stationery; adhesives for stationery or
household purposes; artists’ materials; paint brushes; typewriters and office requisites
(except furniture); instructional and teaching material (except apparatus); plastic
materials for packaging (not included in other classes); playing cards; printers’ type;
printing blocks

Class 17. Rubber, gutta percha, gum, asbestos, mica and goods made from these materials and not
included in other classes; plastics in extruded form for use in manufacture; packing,
stopping and insulating materials; flexible pipes, not of metal

Class 18. Leather and imitations of leather, and goods made of these materials and not included in
other classes; animal skins, hides, trunks and travelling bags; umbrellas, parasols and
walking sticks; whips, harness and saddlery

Class 19. Building materials, (non-metallic), non-metallic rigid pipes for building; asphalt, pitch
and bitumen; non-metallic transportable buildings; monuments, not of metal.

Class 20. Furniture, mirrors, picture frames; goods(not included in other classes) of wood, cork,
reed, cane, wicker, horn, bone, ivory, whalebone, shell, amber, mother- of-pearl,
meerschaum and substitutes for all these materials, or of plastics

Class 21. Household or kitchen utensils and containers(not of precious metal or coated therewith);
combs and sponges; brushes(except paints brushes); brush making materials; articles for
cleaning purposes; steelwool; unworked or semi-worked glass (except glass used in
building); glassware, porcelain and earthenware not included in other classes

Class 22. Ropes, string, nets, tents, awnings, tarpaulins, sails, sacks and bags (not included in other
classes) padding and stuffing materials(except of rubber or plastics); raw fibrous textile

Class 23. Yarns and threads, for textile use

Class 24. Textiles and textile goods, not included in other classes; bed and table covers.

Class 25. Clothing, footwear, headgear

Class 26. Lace and embroidery, ribbons and braid; buttons, hooks and eyes, pins and needles;
artificial flowers

Class 27. Carpets, rugs, mats and matting, linoleum and other materials for covering existing
floors; wall hangings(non-textile)

Class 28. Games and playthings, gymnastic and sporting articles not included in other classes;
decorations for Christmas trees

Class 29. Meat, fish, poultry and game; meat extracts; preserved, dried and cooked fruits and
vegetables; jellies, jams, fruit sauces; eggs, milk and milk products; edible oils and fats

Class 30. Coffee, tea, cocoa, sugar, rice, tapioca, sago, artificial coffee; flour and preparations
made from cereals, bread, pastry and confectionery, ices; honey, treacle; yeast, baking
powder; salt, mustard; vinegar, sauces, (condiments); spices; ice

Class 31. Agricultural, horticultural and forestry products and grains not included in other classes;
live animals; fresh fruits and vegetables; seeds, natural plants and flowers; foodstuffs for
animals, malt

Class 32. Beers, mineral and aerated waters, and other non-alcoholic drinks; fruit drinks and fruit
juices; syrups and other preparations for making beverages

Class 33. Alcoholic beverages(except beers)

Class 34. Tobacco, smokers’ articles, matches

Advantages of Conducting a Trademark IP India Public Search:

  1. Avoid Trademark Conflicts: The primary advantage of conducting a trademark search is to avoid conflicts with existing trademarks. It helps you identify whether a similar or identical trademark is already registered, reducing the risk of legal disputes and potential trademark infringement issues.

  2. Save Time and Money: A comprehensive search helps you avoid investing time and resources in a trademark application that is likely to be rejected due to conflicts with existing marks. This can save you the costs associated with filing fees and legal expenses.

  3. Legal Protection: Successfully registering a trademark in India provides you with legal protection and exclusive rights to use the mark in connection with your goods or services, helping protect your brand identity.

  4. Brand Recognition: A registered trademark can enhance your brand’s recognition and reputation among consumers, as it signifies a commitment to brand protection and quality.

  5. Market Confidence: Consumers often trust brands with registered trademarks more, as it demonstrates a commitment to legal compliance and brand integrity.

Disadvantages of Conducting a Trademark IP India Public Search:

  1. Limited Scope: The IP India public search may not provide a complete picture of all trademarks, especially those that may have been registered recently or are in use but not registered.

  2. Complexity: Conducting a trademark search can be complex, especially for individuals and businesses with limited experience in trademark law. Understanding search results and potential conflicts may require legal expertise.

  3. No Guarantee: Even after conducting a search, there is no absolute guarantee that your trademark application will be approved. The final decision rests with the Trademark Registrar, who may consider factors beyond the search results.

Benefits of Conduct a Trademark IP India Public Search:

  1. Conflict Avoidance: One of the primary benefits is the ability to avoid trademark conflicts with existing marks. By conducting a search, you can identify whether a similar or identical trademark is already registered in India, reducing the risk of legal disputes and potential trademark infringement issues.

  2. Cost Savings: A comprehensive trademark search can save you significant costs in the long run. It prevents you from investing time and resources in a trademark application that is likely to be rejected due to conflicts with existing marks. This can save you application fees and legal expenses.

  3. Legal Protection: Successfully registering a trademark in India provides you with legal protection and exclusive rights to use the mark in connection with your goods or services. This legal foundation helps protect your brand identity and provides a basis for enforcing your trademark rights.

  4. Brand Recognition: A registered trademark can enhance your brand’s recognition and reputation among consumers. It signifies a commitment to brand protection and quality, which can build trust and loyalty with customers.

  5. Market Confidence: Consumers often trust brands with registered trademarks more. A registered mark demonstrates a commitment to legal compliance and brand integrity, which can instill confidence in your products or services.

  6. Competitive Advantage: Having a registered trademark can provide a competitive advantage in the market. It prevents others from using similar marks on similar goods or services, giving your business a unique selling proposition.

  7. Enforcement Rights: With a registered trademark, you have the legal right to enforce your trademark against others who may attempt to use it without authorization. This includes the ability to issue cease-and-desist letters and take legal action when necessary.

  8. Global Expansion: A registered trademark can serve as a foundation for expanding your business internationally. It helps protect your brand in foreign markets and can facilitate the registration process in other countries.

  9. Investment Protection: Your trademark is an important business asset. Conducting a search and registering it protects this asset, making it easier to license, franchise, or sell your brand in the future.

  10. Legal Compliance: Registering a trademark ensures that your brand is in compliance with Indian trademark laws. This legal compliance can prevent legal challenges and disruptions to your business operations.



  1. Expertise and Guidance: Auriga Accounting may have trademark specialists or collaborate with trademark attorneys who can provide expert guidance on conducting a trademark search in India. They can help you understand the process and interpret search results.

  2. Access to Databases: Auriga Accounting may have access to databases and search tools, including the Intellectual Property India (IP India) database, to perform comprehensive trademark searches on your behalf.

  3. Search Strategy: Auriga Accounting can assist in formulating a search strategy tailored to your specific needs. This strategy might involve various search parameters, such as wordmarks, proprietor names, or class categories.

  4. Search Execution: Auriga Accounting can execute the trademark search based on the agreed-upon strategy, ensuring a thorough examination of the IP India database for potential conflicts.

  5. Interpretation of Results: After the search is completed, Auriga Accounting can help you interpret the search results, identifying any trademarks that may pose conflicts with your desired trademark.

  6. Advice on Next Steps: Depending on the search results, they can advise you on the feasibility of trademark registration and guide you on the appropriate steps to take, such as proceeding with the application, considering alternative trademarks, or addressing potential conflicts.

  7. Trademark Registration Assistance: If you decide to proceed with trademark registration, they may offer assistance in preparing and filing the necessary paperwork with the Intellectual Property India office.

  8. Legal Consultation: Auriga Accounting’s trademark specialists or collaborating trademark attorneys can provide legal consultation on trademark matters, helping you understand the legal implications of your chosen trademark and the registration process.