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WHAT ARE THE KEY FEATURES OF SECTION 8 COMPANY?

WHAT ARE THE KEY FEATURES OF SECTION 8 COMPANY?

Introduction

WHAT ARE THE KEY FEATURES OF SECTION 8 COMPANY?

A Section 8 Company, as per the provisions of the Companies Act, 2013 in India (formerly under Section 25 of the Companies Act, 1956), is a unique legal structure specifically designed for non-profit or charitable purposes. It differs significantly from other types of companies, such as private limited or public limited companies, as it is not formed with the primary objective of making profits. Instead, the primary goal of a Section 8 Company is to promote activities that are charitable, social, educational, religious, scientific, artistic, cultural, or environmental. Here are the key features of a Section 8 Company. Visitofficialwebsite 

KEY FEATURES OF SECTION 8 COMPANY

  1. Non-profit Nature: The central and defining feature of a Section 8 Company is its non-profit character. These companies are formed with the primary purpose of promoting charitable or non-profit objectives. Any income or surplus generated is not distributed among the members but is used for furthering the company’s objectives.

  2. Limited Liability: Members of a Section 8 Company enjoy limited liability. This means that the personal assets of the members are protected from the company’s debts and obligations. In the event of financial difficulties, only the assets of the company can be used to settle its debts.

  3. Minimum Capital Requirement: There is no minimum capital requirement for forming a Section 8 Company. This makes it accessible to a wide range of organizations and individuals, including those with limited financial resources.

  4. Name Restrictions: The name of a Section 8 Company should not include the terms “Private Limited” or “Limited” at the end, unlike other types of companies. Instead, it should reflect the company’s charitable or non-profit nature and objectives.

  5. Regulated by the Companies Act: Section 8 Companies are regulated by the Companies Act, 2013, and are subject to its provisions. This includes requirements related to annual filings, audits, and governance.

  6. Exemptions and Privileges: To encourage and support non-profit activities, Section 8 Companies are eligible for certain exemptions and privileges under the Companies Act. These may include reduced fees for various filings, simplified compliance procedures, and tax benefits.

  7. Prohibition on Profit Distribution: Section 8 Companies are prohibited from distributing profits to their members. Any income generated by the company should be used exclusively for the promotion of its non-profit objectives.

  8. Object Clause: The memorandum of association of a Section 8 Company must specify the charitable or non-profit objects for which the company is established. This object clause defines the scope of the company’s activities.

  9. Board of Directors: Like other companies, Section 8 Companies have a board of directors responsible for managing the company’s affairs. However, directors of Section 8 Companies typically serve voluntarily and without remuneration, emphasizing the non-profit nature of the organization.

  10. Amendment to Memorandum and Articles: Any amendments to the memorandum and articles of association of a Section 8 Company require prior approval from the Registrar of Companies (ROC). These changes must not affect the company’s non-profit status or its primary charitable objects.

  11. Ownership of Property: Section 8 Companies can own and hold property in their name. This property is used for advancing the company’s non-profit activities and is held for the benefit of the public.

  12. Transfer of Assets: If a Section 8 Company is dissolved or ceases to exist, its assets must be transferred to another Section 8 Company or a charitable organization with similar objectives. This ensures that the assets are used for non-profit purposes.

  13. Regulatory Oversight: Section 8 Companies are subject to regulatory oversight by the ROC to ensure they are operating in accordance with their charitable or non-profit objectives. This oversight helps maintain transparency and accountability.

  14. Use of Income: Any income, profits, or surplus generated by a Section 8 Company must be applied solely for the promotion of its charitable objects. These funds cannot be used for any other purpose, reinforcing the non-profit nature of the company.

  15. Tax Benefits: Section 8 Companies are eligible for tax benefits under the Income Tax Act, 1961. They can apply for tax exemptions and deductions, making them an attractive choice for organizations engaged in non-profit activities.

BENEFITS OF SECTION 8 COMPANY

  1. Legal Recognition: Section 8 Companies are legally recognized entities under the Companies Act, 2013. This recognition lends credibility to the organization and assures stakeholders of its legitimacy.

  2. Non-profit Nature: The core objective of a Section 8 Company is to promote non-profit activities. It is an ideal structure for organizations focused on social welfare, education, health, art, culture, and other charitable purposes.

  3. Limited Liability: Members of a Section 8 Company have limited liability. Their personal assets are safeguarded in case of the company’s financial troubles. Only the company’s assets can be used to settle its debts.

  4. Tax Benefits: Section 8 Companies are eligible for various tax benefits under the Income Tax Act, 1961. These benefits can include exemptions and deductions, making it financially advantageous for contributors and donors.

  5. Exemptions and Privileges: Section 8 Companies enjoy certain exemptions and privileges under the Companies Act, such as reduced fees for various filings and simplified compliance procedures. This reduces the administrative and financial burden on the organization.

  6. Non-profit Status: The non-profit status of a Section 8 Company helps attract donations, grants, and funding from government agencies, philanthropic organizations, and individual donors.

  7. Sustainable Funding: The company can generate sustainable income from its activities, such as educational institutions, hospitals, or charitable programs. This income can be reinvested in furthering the company’s objectives.

  8. Perpetual Succession: A Section 8 Company enjoys perpetual succession, meaning it continues to exist despite changes in its membership. This allows for long-term planning and sustainability.

  9. Separate Legal Entity: A Section 8 Company is a separate legal entity distinct from its members. It can own assets, enter into contracts, and sue or be sued in its own name.

  10. Greater Trust: The non-profit nature of Section 8 Companies often leads to a higher level of trust among the public and donors. They are seen as organizations genuinely committed to their social or charitable objectives.

How many directors are there in a Section 8 company

As per the Companies Act, 2013 in India, a Section 8 company must have a minimum of three directors. These directors may include individuals who are dedicated to the objectives of the company and are willing to contribute their time and effort to its non-profit activities.

It’s important to note that the Companies Act, 2013 doesn’t specify a maximum limit on the number of directors for a Section 8 company. Therefore, a Section 8 company can have more than three directors if its memorandum or articles of association allow for it. The exact number of directors beyond the minimum requirement will be determined by the company’s governing documents and its specific organizational needs.

Additionally, at least one director of a Section 8 company must be a resident of India, meaning they have stayed in India for a total period of not less than 182 days in the previous calendar year.

It’s advisable to review the specific requirements and guidelines outlined in the Companies Act and seek professional advice when establishing or managing a Section 8 company to ensure compliance with the regulatory framework.

What are the features of Section 8 company

A Section 8 Company in India is a type of nonprofit organization established under Section 8 of the Companies Act, 2013. The primary objective of such companies is to promote commerce, art, science, sports, education, research, social welfare, religion, charity, protection of the environment, or any other useful object. Here are some key features of Section 8 companies:

  1. Non-Profit Nature: Section 8 companies are formed for promoting charitable or not-for-profit objectives. Any profits or other income generated by the company must be used solely for promoting its objectives, and no dividends are distributed to its members.

  2. Limited Liability: Members of a Section 8 company have limited liability, which means their personal assets are not at risk to meet the company’s liabilities.

  3. No Minimum Capital Requirement: There is no minimum capital requirement for forming a Section 8 company. The company can be started with any amount of capital as deemed necessary for achieving its objectives.

  4. Name of the Company: The name of a Section 8 company must end with words like Foundation, Forum, Association, Federation, Chambers, Confederation, Council, Electoral Trust, etc. It should not include words like “Royal,” “Empire,” “Chartered,” “Municipal,” and others without prior approval.

  5. License Requirement: Before incorporating a Section 8 company, approval from the Registrar of Companies (RoC) is necessary. The company needs to obtain a license from the RoC, and the application for the license must include details of the proposed objectives and the activities of the company.

  6. Alteration of Articles and Memorandum: Alteration of the Memorandum and Articles of Association of a Section 8 company requires the prior approval of the Central Government.

  7. Tax Benefits: Section 8 companies are eligible for various tax exemptions under the Income Tax Act, such as exemptions on income and contributions received for charitable purposes.

  8. Annual Compliance: Section 8 companies are required to comply with certain statutory requirements, including filing of annual returns, financial statements, and other documents with the RoC.

  9. Utilization of Profits: Any profits earned by a Section 8 company must be applied towards promoting its objectives. The company cannot distribute dividends to its members.

  10. Conversion: A Section 8 company can be converted into any other type of company, subject to compliance with the necessary procedures and approvals.

It’s important to note that these features are specific to Section 8 companies in India, and the regulations may vary in different jurisdictions. Anyone considering establishing a Section 8 company should consult with legal professionals for up-to-date and jurisdiction-specific advice.

What is the main object of Section 8 company

The main object of a Section 8 company, as outlined in Section 8 of the Companies Act, 2013 in India, is to promote charitable, educational, scientific, artistic, social welfare, environmental, or any other non-profit objectives. The specific language used in the Act states that the company should be formed for the “promotion of commerce, art, science, sports, education, research, social welfare, religion, charity, protection of environment or any such other object,” and it should intend to apply its profits, if any, or other income towards promoting these objectives.

In simpler terms, the primary purpose of a Section 8 company is to work for the greater good and benefit of the society. The profits generated by the company, if any, are not distributed to its members but are reinvested in the company to further its charitable or non-profit activities. This legal structure is designed to encourage the formation of organizations that operate for the welfare of the community rather than for the financial gain of its members.

SECTION 8 COMPANY 12 AURIGA ACCOUNTING PRIVATE LIMITED

What documents are required for Section 8 company

  • PAN Card of all directors and shareholders.
  • Aadhaar Card of all the directors and shareholders.
  • Recent Bank Statement of all the directors and shareholders.
  • Phone Bill or Electricity Bill of all the directors and shareholders.

Can Section 8 company be public or private

A Section 8 company in India can be formed as either a private company or a public company. The distinction between a private company and a public company lies in the number of members, transferability of shares, and certain other characteristics. Here’s a brief overview:

  1. Private Section 8 Company:

    • A private Section 8 company must have a minimum of two members and can have a maximum of two hundred members.
    • The shares of a private company are not freely transferable, and there are restrictions on the transfer of shares as specified in its articles of association.
    • Private companies are not required to issue a prospectus or invite the public to subscribe to their shares.
  2. Public Section 8 Company:

    • A public Section 8 company can have a minimum of three members, with no maximum limit on the number of members.
    • Shares of a public company are freely transferable, and they can be traded on the stock exchange.
    • Public companies are required to issue a prospectus or file a statement in lieu of a prospectus before allotting shares to the public.

Whether a Section 8 company is formed as a private or public company depends on the scale and nature of its operations, as well as its goals and objectives. Many Section 8 companies, especially smaller ones focused on localized charitable activities, choose to register as private companies. Larger organizations with broader outreach may opt for public company status if they intend to raise funds from the public through the issuance of securities.

In either case, the fundamental nature of a Section 8 company remains focused on non-profit activities and the application of its income or profits towards the promotion of its charitable or social objectives.

CONCLUSION OF SECTION 8 COMPANY

In conclusion, a Section 8 Company is a unique legal structure under the Companies Act, 2013 (formerly under the Companies Act, 1956) in India that is designed for non-profit or charitable purposes. The key features and benefits of a Section 8 Company emphasize its commitment to serving society, promoting education, culture, art, and environmental causes, and ensuring transparency and accountability. Here are the main points to consider:

HOW AURIGA ACCOUNTING HELP YOU TO DEFINE KEY POINT OF SECTION 8 COMPANY

  1. Company Formation and Registration:

    • Auriga Accounting can guide organizations through the process of registering a Section 8 Company, ensuring that all legal and regulatory requirements are met.
    • They can assist in drafting the memorandum and articles of association to accurately reflect the non-profit nature and specific charitable objectives of the company.
  1. Compliance with Regulatory Requirements:

    • Auriga Accounting can help the Section 8 Company stay compliant with the legal and regulatory framework applicable to non-profit entities, such as the Companies Act, 2013.
    • They can provide ongoing advice to ensure that the company adheres to rules and regulations governing its operations.
  2. Tax Planning and Benefits:

    • Auriga Accounting can assist in optimizing the tax benefits and exemptions available to Section 8 Companies under the Income Tax Act, helping the organization maximize its financial advantages.
    • They can provide guidance on managing finances to maintain tax-exempt status.
  3. Financial Management:

    • Auriga Accounting can offer financial planning and management services to ensure effective utilization of the company’s resources for its charitable objectives.
    • They can assist in budgeting, financial reporting, and monitoring financial performance.
  4. Governance and Record-Keeping:

    • Auriga Accounting can help the organization implement governance best practices, including maintaining proper records, conducting regular meetings, and ensuring transparency in decision-making.
    • They can assist in establishing clear governance structures, roles, and responsibilities.
  5. Auditing and Compliance:

    • Auriga Accounting can assist in conducting regular audits and ensuring compliance with financial reporting requirements, contributing to transparency and accountability.
    • They can help the organization prepare and file annual compliance reports with the Registrar of Companies (ROC).
  6. Fundraising and Grants:

    • Auriga Accounting can provide guidance on fundraising strategies, including grant applications, donor management, and strategies to attract financial support.
    • They can assist in identifying potential funding sources, such as government grants and corporate sponsorships.
  7. Collaborations and Partnerships:

    • Auriga Accounting can offer advice on forming partnerships and collaborations with other non-profits, government agencies, and international organizations to enhance the impact of the company’s initiatives.
    • They can assist in negotiating and drafting partnership agreements.
  8. Legacy and Asset Planning:

    • Auriga Accounting can help the Section 8 Company plan for long-term sustainability, including asset transfer and succession planning.
    • They can advise on strategies for preserving the organization’s legacy and ensuring its continued impact.
  9. Stakeholder Management:

    • Managing contributions from donors, volunteers, and other stakeholders in a transparent and accountable manner, ensuring their continued support and engagement.
February 25, 2024

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