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Starting a Partnership Firm in Kolkata

Introduction of partnership firm

Starting a partnership firm in Kolkata, or anywhere in India, involves several steps and legal procedures. In this comprehensive guide, we will walk you through the process of establishing a partnership firm in Kolkata. This guide will cover key aspects such as defining a partnership firm, its features, registration procedures, documentation, and compliance requirements. We will also touch upon important considerations to ensure a smooth and successful partnership venture.

1. Understanding Partnership Firms

Definition: A partnership firm is a popular form of business organization where two or more individuals come together to carry out a business with a shared goal of making a profit. This business structure is regulated by the Indian Partnership Act, 1932.


  • Mutual Agreement: A partnership firm is based on a mutual agreement between partners to carry on a business.
  • Profit Sharing: Partners share the profits and losses according to the terms specified in the partnership deed.
  • Liability: Partners have unlimited liability, which means they are personally responsible for the firm’s debts.
  • Ownership and Management: Partners have equal ownership and participate in the management of the firm.
  • No Separate Legal Entity: A partnership firm is not a separate legal entity, and partners are individually responsible for all business obligations.
  • Registration: While registration is not mandatory, it’s advisable for various reasons.

Types of Partnership Firms:

  • General Partnership: Partners equally share profits and losses, and they actively participate in the firm’s management.
  • Limited Liability Partnership (LLP): An LLP offers limited liability to its partners and has a separate legal identity.
  • Registered Partnership: A partnership firm registered with the Registrar of Firms, providing certain legal benefits.

2. Choosing a Business Name

Legal Requirements: Choose a business name that complies with the rules set by the Companies Act, 2013. The name should not be similar to any existing registered firm’s name.

Availability Check: Conduct a name availability search with the Registrar of Firms to ensure the name you choose is unique.

3. Partnership Deed

Importance: A partnership deed is a legal document that outlines the terms and conditions of the partnership. It serves as a contract between partners and helps prevent disputes by clarifying the roles, responsibilities, and profit-sharing arrangements.

Contents: A typical partnership deed includes details such as:

  • Name and Address: Names and addresses of all partners.
  • Business Name: The firm’s business name.
  • Nature of Business: Description of the business activities.
  • Capital Contribution: Amount each partner contributes.
  • Profit Sharing: Specify how profits and losses will be distributed.
  • Management: Roles and responsibilities of each partner.
  • Withdrawal Rules: Conditions for withdrawing capital.
  • Admission and Retirement of Partners: Procedures for adding or removing partners.
  • Dispute Resolution: Mechanisms for dispute resolution.
  • Duration of Partnership: Whether it’s a fixed-term or at-will partnership.

4. Registration Process

While registration is not mandatory, it’s recommended for various reasons:

  • Legal Recognition: A registered partnership firm enjoys legal recognition.
  • Dispute Resolution: Registered firms have access to legal remedies for dispute resolution.
  • Third-Party Validation: Registered firms are considered more credible by banks and other institutions.

Document Checklist: To register a partnership firm, prepare the following documents:

  • Partnership deed on non-judicial stamp paper.
  • Application for registration (Form 1).
  • Duly filled specimen of an affidavit.
  • Proof of ownership of the principal place of business.

Application Procedure:

  1. Obtain a Partnership Deed: Draft a partnership deed specifying all the necessary terms and conditions.
  2. Purchase Stamp Paper: Purchase the required non-judicial stamp paper for the deed.
  3. Notarize and Stamp the Deed: The deed should be notarized and stamped.
  4. Apply for Registration: Submit the application (Form 1) to the Registrar of Firms along with the partnership deed, affidavit, and other documents.
  5. Pay Registration Fees: Pay the prescribed registration fees.
  6. Receipt of Certificate: Once the Registrar is satisfied, they will issue a Certificate of Registration.

5. PAN and TAN Registration

Permanent Account Number (PAN): PAN is a 10-digit alphanumeric number issued by the Income Tax Department. It’s essential for tax compliance and financial transactions.

Tax Deduction and Collection Account Number (TAN): TAN is required for businesses that deduct or collect tax at the source. Partnerships must obtain a TAN if applicable.

6. Compliance Requirements

Goods and Services Tax (GST): Register for GST if your annual turnover exceeds the prescribed threshold. GST is essential for collecting and remitting taxes on behalf of the government.

Other Regulatory Requirements: Depending on the nature of your business, you may need specific licenses or permits. Common ones include:

  • Trade License
  • Shops and Establishments License
  • Fire Safety License

Annual Filings: Partnership firms are typically required to file their annual income tax returns, as well as GST returns, if applicable.

7. Business Bank Account

Importance: Open a dedicated bank account for your partnership firm. This account should be in the name of the firm and not in the name of individual partners. It simplifies financial transactions and maintains transparency.

Choosing a Bank: Research different banks and compare their offerings in terms of account types, fees, and online banking services.

8. Licenses and Permits

Trade License: If your business operates from a specific locality, you may need a trade license from the local municipal authority.

Other Permits: Depending on the nature of your business, you may require additional permits or licenses. Research your industry-specific requirements.

9. Partnership Firm and Taxes

Income Tax: Partnership firms are taxed at the rate of 30% on their total income. Each partner is taxed individually based on their share of the firm’s profits.

GST: If your turnover exceeds the threshold, you must collect and remit GST to the government. File GST returns regularly to remain compliant.

10. Partnership Firm Agreement

Dissolution: In case of partnership dissolution, the partnership deed should outline the procedure for settlement, including the division of assets and liabilities.

Amendments: Any changes to the partnership deed should be documented and agreed upon by all partners. Amendments should be registered if they alter the fundamental structure of the partnership.

Best Partnership firm Service Providers in Delhi


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why You should Choose Auriga Accounting for partnership services ?

Choosing the right accounting service provider is crucial for the financial health and success of any business. Auriga Accounting stands out as an excellent choice for Partnership services due to a multitude of reasons. They are;

1.Expertise: Auriga Accounting offers specialized expertise in partnership accounting, ensuring accurate financial management for your business.

2.Dedicated Professionals: A team of dedicated accounting professionals focuses exclusively on partnership services, providing personalized attention to your business needs.

3.Customized Solutions: Tailored accounting solutions are designed to fit the unique requirements of your partnership, ensuring optimal financial management.

4.Compliance: Auriga Accounting ensures that your partnership adheres to all legal and tax compliance requirements, avoiding potential issues with regulatory authorities.

5.Financial Reporting: Comprehensive financial reporting services provide clear insights into your partnership’s financial health, enabling informed decision-making.

In conclusion, Auriga Accounting stands out as a leading choice for Partnership services due to their unwavering commitment to accuracy, efficiency, and client satisfaction. By choosing Auriga Accounting, businesses gain not just a service provider, but a dedicated partner invested in their financial success. With a wide array of services, a client-centric approach, and a reputation for excellence, Auriga Accounting provides the essential support that businesses need in their financial management journey.