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Let's See from the official site, what it say's?

short Intro: -

A copyright symbol informs others that copyright exists in your work. It also indicates that those who use (or want to use) your intellectual property should obtain permission from you. This article provides:

  • A greater understanding of the purpose of the copyright symbol
  • Benefits of using the international copyright symbol
  • Information on how to use the copyright symbol and which copyright notice year to use

How to use the copyright symbol

The Copyright Office provides suggestions for how to best use the symbol. There are differences when it comes to “visually perceptible copies” where the works can be seen or read, such as a book or sculpture, as opposed to “phonorecords” or sound recordings, which would be a CD, record, MP3 file, etc.

The notice for visually perceptible copies should generally contain three elements together, or in close proximity to each other.

  1. The symbol © (letter C in a circle); the word “Copyright”; or the abbreviation “Copr.”
  2. The year of first publication.
  3. The name of the copyright owner.

The elements for sound recordings generally require the same three elements, except the symbol is ℗ (the letter P in a circle) instead.

While the rules may seem simple enough, it may still leave some wondering, “How do I use the copyright symbol?” Below are a few examples of how some major companies use the copyright symbol for their website copyright notice.

The style of notice can differ a bit between companies and individuals. And as mentioned before, the copyright symbol is generally not necessary. But the function of the symbol remains the same—to give notice that the identified work is protected by copyright.


Some people believe that if a work doesn’t bear a copyright symbol, then that work isn’t protected by copyright law. This isn’t true. In most circumstances, the use of the copyright symbol isn’t mandatory.

However, the symbol © is used universally to identify a work protected by copyright and to indicate its copyright owner. The symbol isn’t required by the leading copyright treaty, the Berne Copyright Convention (to which 181 countries belong, including the U.S. and Canada). The copyright symbol remains a requirement, however, in another copyright convention, the Universal Copyright Convention.

The information in this article discusses Berne member countries’ use — or non-mandatory use — of the copyright symbol.


In general, a copyright symbol is a reminder to the world at large that copyright exists in the work. Its main purpose is to identify the work’s copyright owner. By doing so, it also helps people who want to use the work locate the copyright owner and obtain permission to use it.  Also, it shows the work’s first year of publication.

Using a copyright notice doesn’t require copyright registration of a work or any specific permission.  If there is a copyright symbol, and you search your country’s copyright office there’s no guarantee that that you’ll find the work registered there (although it’s always a good start for locating a copyright owner).

In countries where the symbol isn’t mandatory, there are still incentives to use it. For example:

  • In Canada, use of the symbol provides evidence in a court action that the alleged violator should have known that copyright existed in the work.
  • In the U.S., use of the symbol precludes an alleged violator of copyright from submitting that they didn’t know that copyright existed in a work. In the U.S., works published before 1 March 1989 were subject to different rules and the copyright notice was mandatory, though corrective steps could be taken if it was omitted on a published work.
  • The copyright symbol and notice is educational. While not mandatory, it educates or reminds others that copyright exists in your work and to respect that copyright.
How Much Does Copyright Cost in India?


There are three elements in a copyright notice.

  1. The “c” in a circle, ©, or the abbreviation “Copr.” or the word “copyright” should be present.
  2. The name of the copyright owner (not necessarily the author) should be included in the notice.
  3. The year of first publication should be set out. These elements need not necessarily appear in this sequence. An example is: © Mary Clark 2023 or Copyright © Mary Clark  2023.

A copyright symbol isn’t usually used on an unpublished work but may be. Instead of year of publication, the year could be the year the author distributes the work in some manner. The symbol could indicate this with the following wording: Unpublished work © 2023 Mary Clark.

In the U.S., the year may be omitted from the copyright notice where a pictorial, graphic, or sculptural work, with or without text, is reproduced on greeting cards, postcards, stationery, jewelry, dolls, toys or any useful objects.


The copyright notice should be clearly placed in a manner and location best suited to alert the user of the work in question to the fact that copyright subsists in the work. This can vary depending on the type of work involved.

  • For a website, a suitable location for the copyright notice may be on the home page, or on a page that appears by clicking through to a specified copyright or legal notices page, or both.  For instance, website owners may include a simple copyright notice on its home page and perhaps on other pages of the website, with a click-through to a more detailed copyright and legal notices page. If you’re looking for the copyright notice, go to the bottom of the home page and check the listed links for copyright notice or legal disclaimers, et cetera.
  • For works published in book form or periodicals, the notice could be placed on the title page, the page immediately following the title page, on either side of the front or back cover, or on the first or last page of the main body of the work. The notice should be in a manner and location that is conspicuous and won’t be missed by a casual observer.

How Auriga Accounting Helps In Copyright Registration ?

However, Auriga Accounting Private Limited can assist individuals and businesses in various ways when it comes to copyright registration:

  • Expert Guidance: Auriga Accounting professionals can provide expert guidance on the financial aspects of copyright registration, including fee structures, budgeting for registration costs, and financial planning related to copyright ownership.
  • Record Keeping: Auriga Accountants can help you maintain proper financial records related to copyright registration fees and other associated expenses, ensuring that your financial documentation is in order.
  • Tax Implications: Copyright-related income, such as royalties from licensed works, can have tax implications. Auriga Accountants Private Limited can advise you on tax matters related to your copyrighted works, helping you comply with tax regulations.
  • Financial Planning: For businesses and individuals generating income from copyrighted works, accountants can assist in financial planning, including budgeting, revenue forecasting, and investment strategies related to intellectual property assets.
  • Financial Expertise: Auriga Accounting is CA firms, Which provide expert financial advice, helping businesses with financial planning, budgeting, and investment strategies, ensuring sound financial decisions.
  • Compliance and Taxation: In Auriga Accounting, CA’s are well-versed in local and international tax laws and regulations. They can ensure businesses comply with tax obligations, file accurate tax returns, and optimize tax strategies.
  • Auditing Services: Auriga can conduct internal and external audits, providing an unbiased evaluation of a company’s financial health. This instills confidence in stakeholders and potential investors.
  • Financial Reporting: Our Auriga Accounting Private Limited, CA’s help in preparing accurate financial statements, essential for business analysis, decision-making, and meeting regulatory requirements.
  • Cost Efficiency: Outsourcing accounting and financial tasks to a Auriga Accounting can be cost-effective compared to hiring a full-time, in-house finance team.
  • Risk Management: Auriga Accounting Private Limited assess financial risks and implement strategies to mitigate them, ensuring the business is well-prepared to face challenges.
  • Business Expansion: Auriga Accounting provide valuable insights and financial models for business expansion strategies, mergers, acquisitions, and international expansions.
  • Regulatory Compliance: Auriga Accounting keep businesses updated about changing regulations and ensure that the business operations are in compliance with industry standards and legal requirements.