WHAT IS CORPORATE IDENTIFY NUMBER CIN?
A Corporate Identification Number (CIN) is a 21-digit alphanumeric code that is assigned to all companies incorporated in India under the Companies Act, 2013. The CIN is unique to each company and is used to identify the company in all official correspondence with the government
The CIN is made up of the following components
- The first 4 digits represent the state code in which the company is incorporated.
- The next 5 digits represent the company’s registration number.
- The next 4 digits represent the year of incorporation.
- The last 8 digits are a random number.
STEPS TO OBTAIN A CORPORATE IDENTIFICATION NUMBER (CIN) IN INDIA ARE AS FOLLOWS:
- Apply for a DIN – The first step is to apply for a Director Identification Number (DIN) from the Ministry of Corporate Affairs (MCA). The DIN is a 10-digit alphanumeric code that is unique to each director and is required for all directors of companies incorporated in India.
- File the MOA and AOA – Once you have obtained a DIN, you need to file the Memorandum of Association (MOA) and Articles of Association (AOA) of the company with the MCA. The MOA and AOA are the governing documents of the company and they set out the company’s objectives, structure, and management.
- Pay the registration fee – The MCA charges a registration fee for the incorporation of a company. The registration fee is currently Rs. 10,000 for private limited companies and Rs. 50,000 for public limited companies.
- Get the company registered – Once you have filed the MOA, AOA, and paid the registration fee, the MCA will register the company and issue a Certificate of Incorporation. The Certificate of Incorporation is the official document that proves that the company has been incorporated.
- Obtain the CIN – Once the company has been registered, the MCA will assign a CIN to the company. The CIN is a 21-digit alphanumeric code that is unique to each company and is used to identify the company in all official correspondence with the government.
- Unique identification – The CIN is a unique 21-digit alphanumeric code that is assigned to each company incorporated in India. This makes it easy to identify and track companies, and it also helps to prevent fraud.
- Government compliance – The CIN is required for a number of government compliance purposes, such as filing tax returns, opening bank accounts, and bidding on government contracts. This makes it easier for companies to comply with government regulations.
- Business credibility: The CIN is seen as a sign of credibility by banks, investors, and other businesses. This can help companies to attract funding and to build relationships with other businesses.
- Ease of doing business – The CIN can make it easier to do business in India. For example, it can be used to verify the identity of a company when opening a bank account or bidding on a government contract.
- International recognition – The CIN is recognized by other countries, which can make it easier for Indian companies to do business abroad.
- Security risk – The CIN is a sensitive piece of information that can be used to identify and track companies. If the CIN is compromised, it could be used for fraudulent purposes.
- Cost – The cost of obtaining a CIN is relatively high, especially for small businesses. This can be a barrier for businesses that are just starting out.
- Compliance burden – The CIN is required for a number of government compliance purposes. This can add to the compliance burden for businesses.
- Red tape – The process of obtaining a CIN can be complex and time-consuming. This can be a barrier for businesses that are in a hurry to start operating.
- Fraud – The CIN can be used for fraudulent purposes, such as creating fake companies or impersonating legitimate companies. This can be a problem for businesses that are not careful about who they deal with.
The Corporate Identification Number (CIN) is a valuable asset for any company incorporated in India. It provides a number of advantages, such as unique identification, government compliance, business credibility, ease of doing business, and international recognition. However, there are also some risks and disadvantages associated with the CIN, such as security risk, cost, compliance burden, red tape, and fraud. Businesses should take steps to protect their CIN and to comply with all applicable regulations.
HOW AURIGA ACCOUNTING HELP YOU
Company Registration: Accounting and corporate service providers can assist in the process of registering a company with the Registrar of Companies. This includes preparing and filing the necessary documents and forms, such as the Memorandum of Association (MOA) and Articles of Association (AOA), with the RoC.
CIN Allocation: After the company is registered, the RoC assigns a unique CIN to the company. Service providers may assist in tracking and confirming the issuance of the CIN.
CIN on Documents: The CIN is typically mentioned on various official documents of the company, including its legal and financial documents. Accounting software and services can help ensure that the CIN is accurately recorded on these documents.
Compliance and Reporting: Service providers can offer compliance services to ensure that the company meets its regulatory obligations. This may include filing annual financial statements, conducting audits, and submitting various reports to the RoC, all of which may require the CIN for identification.
Amendment and Updates: If there are changes in the company’s structure or management, such as changes in directors or the registered office address, accounting and corporate service providers can assist in updating the company’s records with the RoC and obtaining necessary approvals.
Corporate Governance: Accounting services can help maintain proper corporate governance by managing financial records, ensuring transparency, and adhering to accounting standards and legal requirements associated with the CIN.
Dissolution and Closure: If the company decides to dissolve or undergoes a merger or acquisition, service providers can assist in the formal closure process, including the surrender or transfer of the CIN.